Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)

Everyone feels tired after a day-long work either in the office or at home. We sometimes feel tired after an exhausting journey. But, we recover soon after some good rest.

The fact about Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is that the fatigue doesn’t go away with rest, but continues and is accompanied by many other medical complications. Doctors say that Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is not a single disorder but a combination of many disorders. Likewise, the symptoms are also many. It gets worsened by physical or mental activities.

The top symptoms:

  1. Extreme tiredness or unbearable fatigue: Even after taking rest, you don’t feel rejuvenated. You feel this kind of tiredness is new and you don’t think that the work you are doing at present is the cause. The tiredness is unexplainable and prolonging.
  2. Cognitive symptoms: Weak memory, lack of concentration and unclear speech (dysphasia) are some of the cognitive symptoms. Your attention is short-lived. At times you feel confused with numbers. Spatial disorientation also prevail.

3. Recurrence of flu-like symptoms: You have mild fever with severe cough. You have sore throat. You feel that the lymph nodes in your neck and under the armpit are sore and enlarged. Sometimes the lymph nodes become very soft. You have constant pain on your joints and muscles with no swelling or redness. Joint pain moves from one joint to another. Muscles are weak. You feel this pain all over the body or at multiple points. You experience unusual and never- before headaches with different version of severity.

4. Sleep disorder: You have your full quota of sleep at night; but feel completely exhausted after you wake up. You don’t feel fresh with a good amount of sleep. Your stamina is running low.

5. Post-exertion malaise: you love exercising every day. But your body hurts even after 24 hours of exercising. Instead of feeling refreshed, you feel less energized. You are unable to do any kind of exercise – physical or mental.

6. Sensation-related CFS: This is identified with earache, numbness, stiffness in the morning, burning sensation in the face and the jaw pain. Sometimes you may have Irritable Bowel Syndrome which includes abdominal pain and nausea.

7. Depression and irritability: This is characterized by personality changes and mood swings.

8. Cardiac respiratory symptoms: The main symptoms are irregular heartbeats, chest pain and respiratory infections

9. General Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:

  1. Bad allergies and rashes which appears new; old ones worsens; Alcohol intolerance. (Sensitivity and intolerance)
  2. Visual blurring, eye pain and dry eyes.
  3. Changes in body weight
  4. Dry mouth and ringing in the ears
  5. Frequent and recurrent infections

CFS is diagnosed after your doctor rules out other possibilities for your extreme tiredness.

Doctors don’t specify any particular cause for this CFS. They feel some people are prone to this disorder by birth.

Triggers of CFS:

Viral Infection: Doctors suspect that Epstein-Barr, herpes virus 6 and mouse leukemia are the culprits for CFS. However, there is no exact evidence that these viruses cause CFS.

Impaired Immune system: It is believed, some people who have impaired immune system develop CFS. Again, it is yet to be proved whether this impairment could cause CFS.

Hormonal imbalances: Abnormal blood levels of hormones are found in some glands like Hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal. There is no evidence about the significance of this abnormalities in developing CFS.

The Risk factors include sex, age and lifestyle.

CFS is commonly found in women who are in between 40 and 50. People who are obese and lead an inactive lifestyle are more prone to CFS.

Therapy: Medical practitioners generally prescribe two-folded therapy combining psychological counseling and a mild exercise regime. Therapy mainly focuses on the symptoms.

Psychological counseling is necessary to come out of the restrictions that you have on you because of CFS. By improving and taking control of your life, you will slowly come out of fatigue.

A physio therapist will help you chalk out an exercise therapy starting from slow moving of your limbs and some stretching. Gradually you can increase the intensity and the time of your exercise.

There are some self-care procedures also. Lifestyle changes like improving your sleep patterns and leading a stress-free life, avoiding caffeine intakes will help you a lot. Try to balance your activities in a well planned way. Too much or too less is not good for you.

published in Instamedia.com


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