Our heart pumps blood non-stop throughout our life. When we are hurt and start bleeding there is a natural mechanism in blood which makes the blood clot, so that we don’t lose excess blood. These clots act as lifesavers by preventing blood loss. They also repair the damaged blood vessel and restore the smooth flow of blood.
Arteries carries blood to all parts of our body, and veins brings back the blood to heart. A blood clot can happen either in arteries or in veins. When blood is not flowing smoothly due to some disorder, the blood tends to clot which leads to serious implications. The clot in arteries or veins stops the blood flow. This type of blood clot is called thrombus. When a blood clot of this kind is formed in a vein it is called Venous Thrombosis. Many people are unaware of venous thrombosis and don’t undergo any medical treatment. It is sad to note that thousands of people die of venous thrombosis.
Causes for blood clots: Unnatural clotting happens by various factors like obesity and age (people are at more risk after 80 years).
Slow flow of the blood can cause clots. Even certain medications play a role in increasing the risk of forming arterial or venous clots.
Good news is that arterial clots can be treated by lifestyle changes and medications. Blood clots in arteries stop flow of oxygen and cause tissue damage. These clots are the main culprits in strokes and heart attacks. Blood clots if formed in the eyes cause permanent blindness.
Top Symptoms of Blood clot:
Symptoms depend on the type of the blood clot and the place where a blood clot is formed. In most cases the patients don’t feel any symptoms at all.
Blood clot in heart causes:
- Chest pain;
- Pounding sensation and stiffness in the chest;
- Irregular heartbeat;
- Unconsciousness or collapse;
Blood clot in brain causes stroke. When the left side of the brain is affected, speech impairment occurs. The patient experiences severe headaches, confusion, loss of balance and co-ordination.
Blood clot in surface veins causes no blockage or complications but inflammation, discomfort and pain.
Blood clots in arms are known as venous thrombosis. They show symptoms of swelling redness and pain in arm.
Blood clot formed in the leg (DVT) travels and gets lodged in the lung causing pulmonary embolism. The typical symptoms are shortness of breath even if the person is relaxed or taking rest, breathlessness, chest pain and bloody sputum.
Blood clots can occur while flying or travelling for a long time by train or car. Since the movement is restricted while travelling, people become vulnerable to develop clots. Even the couch potatoes are at risk of developing blood clots.
Blood clotting is a preventable disease. By changing lifestyle and taking precaution, even if there is family history of blood clotting, this disease can be avoided. A good doctor should be able to guide his patients to prevent and safeguard oneself from this disease.
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